Dr. S.V.K. Foundation works among underprivileged, marginalized and neglected people in and around Bagalur. Which is located 14 Kilometers away from Hosur Taluk, Krishnagiri District, Tamil Nadu, India. It is situated 14km away from sub-district headquarter Hosur and 62km away from district headquarter Krishnagiri. This area is Located in the border of three states namely Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, most of the times this place has been neglected and very less infrastructure development takes place in that area. There are 52 Villages in around the Place. Where there is no proper schooling (primary and secondary), health care and transportation facility available for the poor children.Some of the Challenges at this community.
This around villages have alcohol addicted fathers. These fathers spend 60 to 70% of their daily wages for alcohol. This leads the family into utter poverty, ill health and debt. Many more deaths are reported in the newspapers regularly in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Another big problem due to the use of alcohol is broken families. 60% of the families are addicted to alcohol for more than five years. Constant conflicts in the house, physical abuse towards the wife and stigma from the community puts children at great risk. About 15% of the parents who are addicted indulge in anti social activities to find more funds for their habit. This includes theft, local alcohol brewing and begging. Their violent behavior in the family affects the children mentally leading to behavioral disorders. They do not get nutritious meals leading to ill health and this makes them lose concentration in their studies. Many of the girl children show restlessness towards every evening as they
fear violence and abuse at home. The problem is still chronic in this area where the suicidal rate has gone up due to debts and also deterioration of health due to addiction. This acted as a trigger us to delve in to this problem and help reach out to families who are reeling under poverty, sin and physical deterioration. Most of the parents are agricultural laborers. Agricultural lands have given way for housing and industries in the rural areas. This has led to decrease in agricultural lands and has direct impact on their employment. They have no training in alternate employment and their illiteracy add to their owes. They start borrowing money and have to pay high interests. Alcoholism becomes more as a tool for escaping reality. They believe in the myth that alcohol will erase their troubles and sorrows. This becomes habitual and gradually troubles spill over to their family. The silent victims in this are the children who suffer physical abuse, emotional trau
ma, sleepless nights, regular quarrelling between parents. Some have resulted in broken families leading to children staying with their grandparents, close relatives. Alcohol addiction is one of the biggest challenges our nation is facing. According to National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3, 2007) 32% of the total population of India are addicted to alcohol. Up to 13% of them are using alcohol daily. Average age of initiation of alcohol has reduced from 28 to 20 within 20 years of span. The National Survey (Study sponsored by the ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2004) reveals that 44% of the patients who seek treatment are addicted to alcohol.
A recent government report said “seventy-seven percent of Indians, about 836 million people, live on less than half a dollar a day. India is considered as one of the hottest economies of the world but now it seems, it needs to do something about the enormous inequalities. The report entitled “Conditions of Work and Promotion of Livelihoods in the Unorganized Sector” by the state-run National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS) said, most of those living on below 50 US cents per day were from the informal labor sector with no job or social security, living in abject poverty. For most of them, conditions of work are utterly deplorable and livelihood options extremely few.According to the report, based on data from 2004-2005, 92 percent of India’s total workforce of 457 million were employed as agricultural laborers and farmers, or in jobs such as working in quarries, brick kilns or as street vendors. The report said, “such a sordid p
icture co-exists uneasily with a shining India that has successfully confronted the challenge of globalization powered by economic competition both within the country and across the world.” Around 26 percent of India’s population lives below the poverty line. Economic liberalization since the early 1990s has created a 300 million-strong middle class and led to an average annual economic growth of 8.6 percent over the last four years, but millions of the country’s poor remain untouched by the boom. The report said the majority of those working and living under “miserable conditions” were lower castes, tribal people and Muslims and the most disadvantaged of these were women, migrant workers and children. Agriculture is the main source of income for the families in the Villages. But due to insufficient water resources the agricultural cannot be done. Hence few families work as daily laborers in quarry, construction work, migrant laborers, garments, etc. The
income for the family is insufficient to have even a meal per day. In some seasons they don’t even get work and hence their basic needs are at stake. In this community the women are not allowed to go out of their house for work. They live in such a cultural and traditional background.
Fluoride contamination status of groundwater Fluoride in Water Fluorine is essential for normal growth, development and maintenance of human health. Fluoride plays an important role in preventive dentistry due to its cariostatic potential. However, excessive intake of fluoride leads to dental and skeletal fluorosis. The main dietary source of fluoride is drinking water. Nearly 12 million of the 85 million tons of fluoride deposits on the earths crust are found in India. About 62 million people in India suffer from dental, skeletal and non-skeletal fluorosis. Of these, 6 million are children below the age of 14 years. Fluorosis continues to remain a challenging national dental health problem as it is endemic in 15 states of India. The incidence of very high levels of fluoride is in this Villages. Dental fluorosis is the most sensitive sign of prolonged high fluoride exposure. There is a need for constant monitoring of fluoride exposures in the population. This Co
mmunity are mainly dependent on ground water for drinking purpose are worst affected. It reveals that dental fluorosis is public health problem in this area. A considerable number of people in this area low access to institutions who offer dental services, reason for which dental health is not considered a priority for the parents of children in these areas. In many cases parents take their children to dental appointments until children are in pain due to infections by cavities. Oral Hygiene There is no doubt that dietary and oral hygiene habits are affected by income, education, and social environment. Caries is the most prevalent affliction of children. Despite credible scientific advances and the fact that caries is preventable, the disease continues to a major public health problem. The caries prevalence was related to area, sex, ethnic group, social-economic status and dietary pattern Parents in this area that do have a concern for their childrens dental heal
th encounter many challenges in the services provided by the government which are the ones they have access to, since private dental services are very expensive and are not available in their communities. Some of those challenges include interruption of treatment and/or unavailability of dental supplies. In what concerns to materials for treatment, when these arrive, there is such a long list of patients waiting, that the programmed appointments end up delayed for many months, when this happens many care givers decide to remove their childrens teeth by themselves to stop the pain; gradually children loose their teeth and damage their gums, greatly affecting their self-esteem and their overall health. The interrelationship between oral and general health is proven by evidence. Both can be effectively prevented and controlled through a combination of community, professional and individual action. A thorough oral examination can detect signs of nutritional deficiencie
s as well as a number of general diseases including microbial infections, immune disorders and injuries. Dental cavities are a common problem in this villages, if unattended, may generate more complicated illnesses such as dental abscesses, pharyngitis, bronchitis, repeatedly pneumonia, and cerebral abscesses as well as generalized infection in the children. It can also cause or aggravate a malnutrition condition because of difficulties in chewing correctly during meals. It is also a common cause of bad breath which leads to emotional problems especially in scholars and teenagers. The presence of multiple dental cavities is a main cause of low self-esteem.
Very common health issue among children in this area is Malnutrition. As per the BMI many children have identified having malnutrition which affects as mentioned below. In general, those who are poor are at risk for under-nutrition while those who have high socio-economic status are relatively more likely to be over-nourished. Anemia is negatively correlated with wealth. When it comes to child malnutrition, children in low-income families are more malnourished than those in high-income families. Some cultural beliefs that may lead to malnutrition is religion. Among these is the influence of religions, especially in India are restricted from consuming meat. Also, other Indians are strictly vegan, which means, they do not consume any sort of animal product, including dairy and eggs. Immune Implications Growth Implications Cognitive Implications Malnutrition negatively effects brain development causing delays in motor and cognitive development, such as: Attenti
on deficit disorder Impaired school performance Decreased IQ scores Memory deficiency Learning disabilities Reduced social skills Reduced language development Reduced problem-solving abilities
Issues:- Adolescence is a period offset by change. It is also a time of intense changes both physically and emotionally. Even though the person has matured as an adult physically, emotionally they are still struggling to cope with changing realities. It is as though they are caught between childhood and adulthood. During the adolescence period children usually face an identity crisis. It is a time in life where the individual searches for an identity, seeking for an answers to the question WHO AM I Thus it is a very crucial period where the childs self mage is formed. Dr. S.V.K foundation has planned a three day camp with focus on Confidence. This will help children to deal with challenges they will face in the future. The children will be exposed to the following topics in the three years planned.The above topics will be done by illustrating characters of the Leaders and describing the attribute they stand for, group activities and fun time. This camping experi
ence will be the one that they would cherish and remember the rest of their lives and help them stabilize their lives with good life choices.Keeping this goal in mind, we hope to provide them with a varied set of experience right from trekking and some outdoor activity to helping them to make the all important decision . The camp would also provide personality enhancing programs such as building of their self image, making right choices to build ones leadership skills, soft skills and help them realize the value of education. All these topics would as social point of view with a strong single theme running through the entire set of events. Youth would become hope warriors in their family and community outh would learn to relate exceptionally well with their peers (boys / girls) in a healthy manner Youth would become leaders in their home, community Youth would learn to respect their environment, protect and care for it. Youth will exercise faith in all their ci
rcumstances Will choose right career for them Faith to Overcome Building self esteem, communication & Environment Gender relationships, soft skills, social responsibility Faith in Action Positive thinking, Leadership & Personality development
To access proper schooling and health care facility children need to wait for a longer time to get buses which are thickly crowded and very less number of bus services available in a day. Safety of children especially girl children is a main area of concern for parents as they go by these tickly crowded buses to schools or health care centers. In Many worst cases, parents dont take children to school/Health care facility fearing the safety of children and accessibility to transportation. Child Marriage and child Labor: it was reported that there are 45 of child labor in this area due to failure of agriculture and alcoholism in the community. Since very limited access to schools/Health care centers, many children end up in School dropouts Malnourished Cognitive Implications Child labor Working with elders in the farms Vulnerable for abuse Substance abuse Child crime Early child marriage Child trafficking/Migration